School of Allied Medical Sciences, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences.Khorramabad, Iran
Faculty of Health, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
Cardiovascular disease is known to be the most important cause of death in Iran. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of cardiovascular disease and their risk factors in Khorramabad. This epidemiologic cross-sectional study was carried out on 280 patients who were admitted in heart units, coronary care units and heart emergencies of educational hospitals. The sampling method was the census method. Data were obtained from the checklist and included demographic information, different types of cardiovascular disease, and cardiovascular risk factors. The most common cardiovascular disease was unstable angina (36.78), the first symptom of coronary artery disease was chest pain (67.8%), 62.85% were overweight or obese, 40.4%had a history of hypertension, 92.83% did not exercise, 147 (5.52%) were inactive, 72 (25/7%) had a history of smoking, 84(30%) had a family history of heart disease. Fifty-one (18/2%) had a history of narcotic use and the use of opium. According to the findings of this and other similar studies, the frequency of cardiovascular disease differs in terms of country and region, although they are total of high prevalence. Therefore, given the high prevalence of risk factors related to lifestyles including obesity and overweight, physical inactivity, high blood pressure, and smoking, planning education programs, screening and changing lifestyles seems to be necessary.